Diabetes and Periodontal Disease: What you need to know!
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The mouth is the gateway to your bodies overall health. When the mouth is not healthy, the body is not healthy. There have been many studies over the years suggesting a link of certain diseases to oral health.
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, gum disease, is an infection caused by plaque. Plaque is a structure of microbial pathogens. There are two forms of periodontal disease one is gingivitis which is reversible; another form is periodontitis. The following sentence has been taken from: CDA journal vol. 44 “Periodontitis is a destructive, chronic inflammatory process, which results in atrophy or loss of the underlying bone and connective tissue support around the teeth”.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is class of diseases where blood glucose levels are elevated over a period on time. There are three main types of diabetes: gestational diabetes, type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes. There currently is no known cure for diabetes. In order to treat diabetes the patient maintains a blood sugar of 6.5 % or lower, they do this by taking HbA1C test which measures glucose/blood sugar. Gestational diabetes happens in women while they are pregnant and do not have diabetes otherwise. Type 1 diabetes is often referred to as “juvenile diabetes” this is an autoimmune disease. Type 2 diabetes is when cells don’t respond properly to insulin being made. Type 2 results in glucose gathering in the blood rather than being absorbed. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. People who have diabetes have double the risk of coronary disease.
The following sentence has been taken from: CDA journal vol. 44 “Periodontal disease has been listed as the sixth leading complication of diabetes… This increase in risk is associated with the level of glycemic control as denoted by the HbA1C level.” Periodontal disease and diabetes go hand in hand; diabetes individuals is periodontal disease (gum disease), which is from aggravated diabetes (glucose control). “Studies have shown a direct relationship between severity of periodontitis and complications of type 2 diabetes” explained in CDA journal vol. 44. When patients who get their periodontal disease (gum disease) treated in a dental office and maintain excellent home care, they see a reduction in their HbA1C level (glucose level in blood).
The following sentence has been taken from: CDA journal vol. 44 “Many studies have established an association between periodontal disease and diabetes. Support has been provided describing plausible biological mechanisms by which periodontal disease may also contribute to diabetes and in which diabetes negatively influences periodontal disease. There is a vast amount of data that demonstrates an association relationship between periodontal disease and diabetes. Future studies may demonstrate the efficacy of periodontal therapy related to positive outcomes with regard to aiding success in the treatment of diabetes.”
The dental practice of Dr. Badwalz,is located at 3178 Collins Drive in Merced. He has been active in the Merced community since 2009. Make sure to visit Pearl Family Dentistry at DrBadwalz.com or you can also find us on Facebook if you’d like to join in on the conversation there. Call us today 209-383-6133 to make an appointment for your six-month check-up or to finish your treatment.